Hypothyroidism or Underactive Thyroid Gland

What is hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid gland? 

Hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid gland refers to a condition where the thyroid gland fails to produce the required amount of crucial hormones. Hypothyroidism does not so noticeable symptoms in the early stages of the condition. However, over time if left untreated hyperthyroidism can lead to several health problems including obesity, infertility, joint pain and even heart disease. The symptoms vary about the severity of the deficiency of the hormone and the problems are known to develop over a number of years.

What are the symptoms of hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid gland?

The most common symptoms of hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid gland are – 

  1. Constipation
  2. Fatigue
  3. Dry skin
  4. Puffy face
  5. Weight gain
  6. Increase sensitivity to cold
  7. Hoarseness
  8. Impaired memory
  9. Slower heart rate
  10. Increase blood cholesterol level
  11. Pain, stiffness or swelling in the joints
  12. Muscle weakness
  13. Muscle aches, stiffness and tenderness 
  14. Depression
  15. Thinning hair
  16. Enlarged thyroid gland
  17. Heavier or irregular menstrual periods 

Hypothyroidism in infants may have the following symptoms – 

  1. Horse crying
  2. Protruding tongue
  3. Difficulty in breathing
  4. Umbilical hernia
  5. Yellowing of the skin and eyes
  6. Constipation
  7. Increased sleepiness
  8. Poor muscle 

Children and teens also suffer from hypothyroidism showing the following symptoms – 

  1. Delayed puberty
  2. Stunted growth
  3. Poor and delayed mental development
  4. Delete development of permanent teeth


Who are more predisposed?

Gender – Both men and women are prone to be affected by hypothyroidism however, women are at a higher risk of suffering from hypothyroidism than men.

Age – Although hyperthyroidism can be found in infants, children and teenagers, older adults above the age of 60 are at a higher risk of suffering from such conditions owing to the deteriorating organs and immune system.

Pre-existing diseases – Individuals with autoimmune diseases (including type 1 diabetes or celiac disease) are prone to suffer from hypothyroidism. Also, patients who have received radiation on the neck or upper chest, have had thyroid surgeries before, have been treated with radioactive iodine or anti-thyroid medication can be incline and more towards suffering from such conditions. A family history of thyroid disease can transfer hypothyroidism within the family and future generation. Women who have been recently pregnant or have delivered a baby within the past six months can be exposed to suffering from hypothyroidism.

How Dr. Amitabha Saha treats acute hypothyroidism? 

Dr. Amitabha Saha is an expert in treating hypothyroidism or underactive thyroid gland. His vast knowledge and advanced diagnosis method helped many patients to discover the root cause of their disease and avail quality treatment. His process of treatment is also quite different which have helped him secure achievements and accolades for his remarkable success.


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